Authoritative, Authoritarian, and Permissive Child Rearing Styles (Post 8)

    As we have discussed in our lectures there are several important components that are involved in rearing a child. The two influential components in parenting a child are parental styles and parental strategies. These two may seem to be the same to many people, but they are in-fact very  different. Parenting styles influence the parenting strategies which those parents will use when rearing their child. Parenting styles are extremely important in the child rearing process. The three main styles that are seen to be used by most parents are authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive.

   Through many studies it has shown that a parent using the authoritative parenting style are seen to have many more benefits for the child and parent than the other two do. An authoritative parent is defined as being high in acceptance and being very involved with their child. These parents give explanations to their emphasis on firm control and when that child gets older or proves themselves to be mature, these parents grant them appropriate autonomy limits (p.569).  Authoritative parents are warm, attentive, and sensitive in their child rearing. They promote self-regulations and are aware of where their child is and what they are doing. Having an authoritative parent allows the children to feel in control of their actions while understanding that if they do something wrong their parent will discipline them accordingly to the acts which they commit. Overall these children show moral maturity, they are self reliant and self controlled. They  are also are very social and high in congnitive competence (lecture).

    Authoritarian parents on the other hand are not as beneficial to their childs later developments. An authoritarian parent is low in acceptance and does not allow much autonomy granting to their child. They are not very involved with their child and they exercise a high coercive and psychological control. Authoritarian parents are commonly seen belittling their child when they do something wrong and use withdrawl of affection and love as a punishment when they mess up. They yell often and command their child to do things (p.570).  Authoritarian parents try to entirely control their child and do not value the give and take method of compromise. They are punitive and not very understanding in stressful situation. These children tend to show little initiative and low self-esteem problems. They are not very social and they often do not perform up to the high standard at which they are held to by their parents (lecture).  There are little to no positive outcomes for children with authoritarian parents.

    However, children reared by permissive parents have no positive outcomes. These children are immature, low control over their impulses, and handle only a little responsibility. Permissively raised children show signs of aggression and disobedience to demands that conflict with what they want (lecture). A permissive parent is defined as someone who is very acceptive of their child but who is over indulging and low in control. They exercise little to no appropriate autonomy granting. Permissive parents let their children make their own decisions and usually lack the confidence to stand up to their child (p.571). These children have very few rules and are usually in control of the parent, child relationship. Because these parents have such little control over their child or the situation they result to whiny pleading to try and get their child to do what they ask of them (lecture). These parents tend to be seen as friends and equals rather than a parent or authority figure.

    All of these parenting styles affect how the child reacts to their parent and how they will later do in life. It is so important to practice the right amout of discipline and use the proper parenting style with the child so they do not over run the parent’s authority or entirely introvert themselves because they have too strict of parents. Overall it has been documented that they best way of rearing a child is through the authoritative parenting style.

Resources:

Infancy and Child Development book, p. 569-571

Lecture Notes: December 1, 2009

By: Ashley Crawford

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~ by crawfordashley on December 8, 2009.

2 Responses to “Authoritative, Authoritarian, and Permissive Child Rearing Styles (Post 8)”

  1. If I were the teacher, I would give you extra credit on this post because you didn’t just nail the facts on the wall, you really put some description to it. And not to mention that it seems like you will be a great parent with all of this knowledge, spread the love.

    Reuben

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