Testing Motor Development

Motor skills are actions that involve the movement of muscles in the body. They develop the ability to manipulate objects with increasing sophistication. There are two different types of motor development. The first is,

Gross Motor Development- These are the abilities required in order to control the large muscles of the body for walking, running, sitting, crawling, and other activities. Encourging motor skills requires a safe, open play space, peers to interact with, and some adult supervision. Parents must understand that childern develop at different rates and must not push a child to preform a task that is impossible due to the development status. This will only lead to frustration and disappointment for the child. The next kind of motor development is,

Fine Motor Development- These are the abilities required in order to control the smaller muscles such as the hands, wrist, fingers, feet, and toes. This will lead to the ability to reach and grasp objects. Hand eye coordination begins to develop during a period of trial and error practice of sighting objects and grabbing for them. Eventually most infants can grasp an object that is within reach, looking only at the object and not at their hands, reffered to as “top level reaching” this is an important achievement in the fine motor development.


Josh Fagen

~ by jfagen on October 2, 2009.

One Response to “Testing Motor Development”

  1. This is another reason foster care is so much better than orphanages because the child can be more active and get the motor practice he or she needs instead of being kept in a crib as some orphanages do.
    Behzad Moaddeli

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